For instance, the famous abuse of the Higgs Boson is to take its nickname "God particle" literally and say that "Physics now has proven the existence of the God". No! It doesn't prove god. God particle is the short form of Higgs Boson's nickname "goddamn particle". It was called "goddamn particle" out of frustration because at the time it was coined, scientists were working hard to find it for nearly 40 years without success. Journalists turned goddamn particle (original name of a book by Nobel Laureate Lederman) into god particle (name of the published version of the book).
The other abuse is to say that Higgs Field is all-pervading and hence it is the "God". Other variations of this abuse include - there is a mention of an all-pervading entity that's the cause for the reality in old scriptures and holy books. Since Higgs Field is all-pervading and it gives mass to objects, which is necessary for their existence, the discovery of Higgs Field validates holy books.
Just in case if you are wondering if these interpretations are true, the one word answer is "No". The one sentence answer is "It is a pure concocted nonsense." These guys don't even understand the concept of Higgs Mechanism properly. They are just playing with words. It is a popular trick used by sophisticated English speaking con-men to dress up their woo-woo in scientific terms, so that it appeals to an average educated person, fooling such people to think that the woo-woo of the con-men is scientific.
I understand where you are coming from because it is often not reported clearly in media. Since the labelling god particle (short form of its nickname goddamn particle) is misleading, I would call it by its original name “Higgs Boson” from now on.
The popular science description of this is - Imagine that you are swimming in a waterbody full of weeds and mollases, you would experience more resistance than usual. Resistance faced by fundamental particles while travelling (interacting) in Higgs field is similar to this.
Extending this logic, we have a particle for every field, which is a localized vibration (excitation) of that field. A localized vibration (excitation) of the electromagnetic field is a photon. A vibration (excitation) of the quark field is quark and so on.